financial report

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Description Students are required to study, undertake research, analyse and conduct academic work within the areas of business finance covered in learning materials 1 to 10 inclusive. The assignment should examine the main issues, including underlying theories, implement performance measures used and explain the firm financial performance. You are strongly advised to reference professional websites, journal articles and text books in this assignment (case study).

Required: This assessment task is a written report and analysis of the financial performance of a selected company in order to provide financial advice to a wealthy investor. It needs to be completed individually. It will be based on financial reports of a listed company on the ASX (chosen by the lecturer). This assignment requires students to undertake a comprehensive examination of a firm’s financial performance and must be submitted by Week 11 of Trimester Three.

Further details will be given later in the semester.

Key elements or milestones will need to be completed in stages throughout the semester as per the schedule provided below. Discussions will be conducted and suggestions will be provided for each stage so that you can then amend subsequent sections if needed. MARKS will be subtracted for LATE SUBMISSIONS.

STAGES TO BE COMPLETED

Name of the student and a “business name” under which you will be providing your financial advisory services. The name of the company that you will investigate/analyse for the purposes of possible recommendation to your client. A company (listed on the ASX) will be allocated to each student by the lecturer. The students should obtain all information about the selected company from this web site: www.asx.com.au

You MUST: Ø Obtain a copy of the last Financial Statements including Income Statements, Balance Sheets, Statement of Changes in Equity, Cash Flows Statements and Notes. You can downloaded these documents from the suggested web site using the firm’s code (example, BHP- for BHP Billiton Company, etc). (Part 1 to 10)

1 A description of the company (Part 1)

2 Identify your company ( in terms of the ownership-governance structure) (Part 2 i & ii)

3 Calculation of Performance Ratios (Part 3 i, ii and iii)

4 Two graphs from www.asx.com.au with the description of results (Part 4 i & ii)

5 Identify any significant factors which may have influenced the share price of your company. (Part 5)

6 Calculation of ’ beta values and expected Rates of Return using the CAPM (Part 6 i, ii & iii)

7 Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC) (Part 7 i & ii)

8 Using the debt ratios for your company over the past two years, emphasise any improvement towards the maintenance of a preferred optimal capital structure. (Part 8 i & ii)

9 Dividend Policy (Part 9)

10 Letter Recommendation (Part 10)

11 Formal structure (Part 1 to 11)

QUESTIONS

You are an investment adviser, working to build a foundation of wealth for your clients. One of your wealthiest clients already has a diversified portfolio, which includes managed funds, property; cash/fixed interest and a few direct share investments in Australia and around the world. The investor wishes to expand his/her portfolio and is considering your company’s share to add to the portfolio. (The investor has an extra $10 million that wishes to invest into your company). The company which you will examine is allocated by your lecturer.

The assignment is a written comprehensive report and analysis of the firms’ financial performance (including referencing).                                                                                                                   100 marks

You are required to do the following tasks:

  1. Prepare a brief description of the company, outlining the core activities, the market(s) in which it operates within and any factors in the companies’ history which you consider help present a “picture” of your company. 4 marks
  2. Specify ownership-governance structure of the company:
  3. Name the main substantial shareholders:

Ø With higher than 20.00% of shareholdings. Based on this argument you should classify a firm as a family or non-family company, and

Ø With higher than 5.00% of shareholdings. 3 marks

  1. Name the main people involved in the firm governance:

Ø The Chairman

Ø Board members

Ø CEO.

o Whether any of these people have the same surname as any of substantial shareholders (>20% share capital). If yes- you could use this as an argument for the presence of an owner or family member(s) in the firm’s governance.

o Whether any of shareholders with more than 5% share capital are involved in firm governance.                                                                                                         3 marks

3.Calculate the following key ratios for your selected company for the past 4 years. Annual reports are accessible via company websites (show all working out):

  1. i)  Return on Assets (ROA) = (NPAT / Total Assets)

Return on Equity (ROE) = (Net Profit After Tax / Ordinary Equity)

Debt Ratio = Total Liabilities / Total Assets

EBIT/TA x NPAT /EBITx TA /OE= NPAT/ OE

Be sure that you have “proven” the above equation. 12 marks

ii)Explain what phenomenon is being “captured” by the variable TA/OE, and how it is impacting on the relationship between Return on Assets and Return on Owners Equity. 4 marks

iii) Explain why the ROE (EBIT) is significantly greater than or less than the ROA (EBIT).                                                               4 marks

4.Using the information from the ASX website: www.asx.com.au you must complete the following tasks:

  1. i) Prepare a graph / chart for movements in the monthly share price over the last two years for the company that you are investigating. Plot them against movements in the All Ordinaries Index. 6 marks
  2. ii) Write a report which compares movements in the companies’ share price index to the All Ords Index. For instance, how closely correlated is the line with the All Ords Index. Above or below? More or less volatile? 6 marks
  3. Research via the internet or financial/business publications:

From research via the internet (using credible sources) or financial/business publications, note any significant announcements which may have influenced the share price of your company. These factors could include merger activities, divestitures, changes in management’s earnings forecasts, changes in analysts’ forecasts, unusual write-offs or abnormal items, macroeconomic factors, industry wide factors, significant management changes, changes in the focus of the company, impact of competitors or law suits etc. (Restrict the number of announcements to 5). 10 marks

  1. Go online to http://www.reuters.com/finance/stocks/ and type in the code for your company into the Search Stocks field and click on the magnifying glass button.
  2. i) What is their calculated beta (β) for your company? 2 marks
  3. ii) If the risk free rate is 4% and the market risk premium is 6%, use the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) to calculate the required rate of return for the companies’ shares. 4 marks
  • Is the company you have chosen a “conservative” investment? Explain your answer. 2 marks
  1. Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC)
  2. i) Using information from the latest company report for the company (i.e. interest rate on their major source of long-term loans) and the estimated cost of equity capital calculated (in part 6ii above), calculate the WACC for your company. 6 marks ii) Explain the implications that a higher WACC has on management’s evaluation on prospective investment projects. 4 marks
  3. Consider the debt ratio for your company over the past two years:
  4. i) Does it appear to be working towards the maintenance of a preferred optimal capital structure? (i.e., does it appear to be “stable”?). Explain your answer. 4 marks
  5. ii) What have they done to adjust/amend their gearing ratio? Increase or repay borrowings? Issue or buy back shares? Has the Director’s Report given any information as to why they have made any adjustments?                                          4 marks
  6. Dividend policy Discuss what dividend policy of the management of the company appears to be implemented. Explain any reason related to that particular dividend policy. 7 marks
  7. Based on your analysis above, write a letter of recommendation to your client, providing an explanation as why you would like to include this company in his/her investment portfolio. Please refer to the ratio results calculated earlier and any other trends or factors that you believe to be important. 10 marks
  8. Formal structure and referencing. 5 marks __________________ Total = 100 Marks

 

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

  • The report must have an academic written structure including an introduction, body and conclusion.
  • This assignment must be completed INDIVIDUALLY.
  • Use numbers in the body of the report (e.g., “5. Research via the internet”).
  • Provide an explanation on each of these issues (points) and explain how they confirm the underlying theory, particularly related to the ownership, financial measures, risk-return, capital structure and dividend policy.
  • You are required to submit the assignment on Blackboard
  • You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. Please ensure the similarity score is under 15%. Presentation of written work
  • Please submit your assignment on time (Week 11).
  • Please make sure that your name and surname (student ID), subject name, and code and lecture’s name are written on the cover sheet of the submitted assignment.
  • You are required to use Times New Roman font, size 12 with 1.5 line spacing.
  • Please insert page numbers into your assignment.
  • Please use 3 cm margins.
  • Submitted work should be your original work showing your creativity.
  • Always keep an electronic copy until you have received the final grade for the Unit.

A high standard of work is always expected, so poorly presented work may be returned unmarked with a request to re-submit.

Rules apply for electronic submission. When you submit your assignment electronically, please save the file as ‘Assessment Task 1.doc’.

Referencing When writing your assignments, a reference must be included every time you use someone else’s ideas or information. In-text referencing of ALL sources, whether academic books, journal articles, newspaper articles, material from the Internet etc., must be cited in the main text of the assignment itself. Harvard Style referencing is required for this assignment.

A reference must be included when you:

  • Paraphrase (express someone else’s idea in your own words).
  • Quote (express someone else’s idea in their exact words).
  • Copy (financial statement, reproduce a diagram, graph or table from someone else’s work).

Example:

Titman, S., Martin, T., Keown, A.J., Martin, J.D, Financial Management: principles and applications, 7 th Edition, Pearson Education, Melbourne, 2016, Australia.

Halili, E, Saleh, A and Zeitun, R (2015), ‘Governance and Long-Term Operating Performance of Family and Non-Family Firms in Australia’, Studies in Economics and Finance, vol.32, no.4, pp.398-421.

History of ASX, viewed Nov 07 2017 , https://www.marketindex.com.au/history Plagiarism, collusion and cheating

Holmes Institute regards most seriously any act of dishonesty in assessments such as plagiarism, collusion, cheating, re-submission of previously marked work in different units, examination misconduct and theft of other students’ work.

In short:

‘Plagiarism’ means to take and use another person’s ideas and pass these off as your own by failing to give appropriate acknowledgement, that is, not indicating by referencing that the ideas expressed are not your own.

‘Collusion’ (or unauthorised collaboration) means joint effort in preparing material submitted for assessment, between students or others, except where this has not been approved by the lecturer in charge of the unit

‘Cheating’ means to obtain an unfair advantage in an examination or in other written or practical work required to be submitted or completed by a student for assessment. If the passing off was done intentionally, you have cheated; if it was unintentional, the offence you have committed is the academic misdemeanour of failing to reference a source correctly.

Acts of dishonesty in assessment could result in penalties including failure in the Unit and possible exclusion from Holmes Institute. If you are unsure about this, please speak to the subject co-ordinator.

GOOD LUCK!

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