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Learning Activity – Women in Prison Critical Thinking Exercise
WOMEN IN PRISON
As we learn in this week’s readings, women are the fastest-growing prison population in the United States. And there are a number of ways in which women’s prisons differ from men’s prisons. View the attached video (approx. 46 mins), an episode of Hard Time from National Geographic.
http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x2l423m (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.
SO WHAT DO YOU THINK? Individually, you will document and respond to these questions below. Be prepared to share with the class your findings.
How are the conditions in women’s prison BETTER than those in men’s prisons?
How are the conditions in women’s prisons WORSE than those in men’s prisons?
Were you able to relate to any of the women featured in the video? Who (description is sufficient if you didn’t catch the name) – and why?
Did anything about the video surprise you? What was it and why?
Project 2Literature Review
At several points along the flowchart of the criminal justice system professionals are required to make judgments as to the likelihood an individual will commit a criminal act or another criminal act. For instance:
Pre-trail release – Is the person who has merely been accused of a crime such a danger to the community that they must remain confined while awaiting trial?
Post-Conviction sentencing – Is this person a viable candidate for supervision under probation or is they likely to commit another criminal act?
Correctional classification – What institutional environment (level of confinement, program availability, etc.) is most appropriate for this individual for their safety as well as that of staff and other inmates?
Release to community-based supervision (e.g., parole)- In light of the changes that have occurred since incarceration, is this individual suitable to complete their sentence under community-based supervision ?
To assist in this determination, risk assessment instruments have been developed which, usually in combination with a clinical interview, will provide some scalable predictability of future criminal/violent behavior. Do they work?
The student will conduct a literature review as follows:
1. Conduct research on the topic of criminal/violent risk assessment.
2. Identify a minimum of two (2) professional literature articles using the UMUC on-line Library resources
3. Compose a review of the articles selected, to include:
a. An introductory statement regarding the risk factor and/or processes identified and the articles selected
b. A brief summary of the article
c. A statement of the thesis (purpose) of the article
d. The method, evidence and/or evaluation the author used in support of the thesis
e. The conclusion or finding
4. For each of the 2 articles selected the student must also identify one (1) supportivearticle. (See the bibliography of the selected article for potential articles or conduct a literature search using the UMUC on-line Library resources.)
5. Compose a review of each of the supportive articles, consisting of:
a. A brief summary of the article
b. A description of how the supportive article relates to the selected article
6. A concluding statement
NOTE: This project consists of a total of four (4) articles:
-Two (2) articles that address risk factors and/or assessment processes, and
-One (1) article that supports your review/conclusion for EACH of the first two articles.
The evaluation of this project will focus on:
1. The strength of the relationship between the selected articles and the identified risk factor or assessment process topic
2. The comprehensive review of the article
3. The relationship between the supportive articles to the selected articles
4. Overall quality of the composition
5. Compliance with the format requirements.
1. A minimum of 2,500 words (approximately 6 narrative pages) not including cover page and references page
2. The cover page should include the name and number of the course, the name of the student, title of the project and the date of submission.
3. The narrative composition is to be 12 pt. font, double spacing, with 1 inch margins
4. Resources, including course materials, must be cited both in the narrative where appropriate and on a separate references page, using APA citation rules.
5. Projects should be submitted using the Assignment Folder unless instructed otherwise.
6. At the instructor’s discretion, this project may be submitted to Turnitin or other services for verification of originality.
Community-oriented policing (COPS), problem-oriented policing (POPs), and the zero-tolerance policing concepts are three criminal justice policy initiatives that were a major change from the traditional policing concepts of the 1970s. Marion and Oliver (2012) talk to each of these policies in Chapter 10 of The Public Policy of Crime and Criminal Justice.
Initial Post: Select one of these three policy initiatives, and examine the positives and negatives of the approach. Determine the effects of the criminal justice policy on the other elements of the criminal justice community—courts, corrections, and juvenile justice. What is the current presidential or other elected official’s stance on these programs? How do these policing concepts fit with the era of homeland security? Are these programs in line with social justice concepts? Support your claims with examples from the required materials and/or other scholarly sources, and properly cite your references with both in-text and APA citation at the end of your post.
Review the Center for Court Innovation (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. website, and select one program that has been effective in aiding victims of crime, reduces crime, or strengthens neighborhoods.
Initial Post: As you examine the court initiated criminal justice policies, what do you see as the most promising programs? Determine how these programs affect the other parts of the criminal justice system—the police, corrections, or juvenile justice? Based on government budget priorities, how does the court fund these initiatives? What effect does court-directed revisions to criminal justice policies have on overall criminal justice reform? Support your claims with examples from the required materials and/or other scholarly sources, and properly cite your references with both in-text and APA citation at the end of your post.
Role of the U.S. Supreme Court in Criminal Justice Policy Making
In preparation for this assignment, keep in mind the policy you selected for your Final Paper, as your research here can be used in the final assignment as well. The political makeup of the U.S. Supreme court can affect major rulings. Select a major ruling that has changed or been modified over the last 20 to 30 years (e.g., Miranda advisements, search and seizure rules, the exclusionary rules, use of DNA evidence, police surveillance, data mining, etc.). In your paper:
Explain the role of the U.S. Supreme Court in criminal justice policy making.
Explain how the court’s decisions changed the selected criminal justice policy.
Examine potential issues that must be evaluated in the future by the U.S. Supreme Court that will further shape criminal justice policy (e.g., you could discuss how advances in technology such as surveillance, computer analysis, drones, police equipment, etc., have affected the courts decisions).
Analyze how the U.S. Supreme Court criminal justice decision affects social justice.
Your paper must:
Be three to five double-spaced pages in length (not including title and references pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..
Include a separate title page with the following:
Title of paper
Course name and number
Use at least five scholarly sources two from the Ashford University Library in addition to the course text.
Document all sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
Include a separate references page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
Which management style do you think would likely be more effective: democratic or authoritative? Think about the question for a minute before you immediately respond. With your response, discuss how you would define the selected term, and apply it to a work experience you have had. Include a short description, in your own words, using pros and cons for both terms. (A MINIMUM OF 200 WORDS)
Assignment 1: LASA 2: Policy, Lawsuits, and the Mitigation Plan
It is important for those who have an interest in the criminal justice system or in law enforcement to learn about some of the challenges working in a litigious society can create. Criminal justice agencies have developed methods to reduce the chances of incurring lawsuits against their officers and departments. You will glean valuable insight and learn how to begin developing clear, concise, and substantive communication necessary for criminal justice and law enforcement officers.
In this LASA, you will prepare a 5 to 7 page research paper from the perspective of one of the following roles in Centervale: an internal affairs investigator, compliance officer, or similar official seeking to mitigate and improve the department by reducing the number of legal actions filed against the department. You have been asked to prepare this paper in response to the following scenario:
It is common to see groups of youths hanging around various locations in Centervale. A group of mischievous juveniles hang out at a 24 hour Burger Joint on Tenth Street on a fairly regular basis and often get into Saturday night scuffles with other groups of juveniles, which require the police to respond to clear the area. The owner of the Burger Joint has become increasingly concerned about a drastic decrease in sales; however, he continued to look the other way until the scuffles escalated into full-blown fights that involved weapons, such as knives or brass knuckles.
Recently, the owner of the Burger Joint called 911 in a panic because he thought he heard gunshots fired from the parking lot area during a scuffle. Officers from the Centervale Police Department (CPD) arrived on the scene to find several youths involved in a physical fight provoked by a verbal attack, but there were no visible signs of weapons. Officer Jack Newbie just completed Taser training at the Centervale Police Academy. Officer Newbie believes carrying a “non-lethal” alternative to a firearm is beneficial for law enforcement officers.
Officer Newbie and his partner proceeded with caution when attempting to break-up the fight at the Burger Joint because reports of weapons involvement can create very dangerous situations for officers as they approach. Sam White, 15 years old, who was not actively involved in the physical aspect of the scuffle, tried to flee from the scene. Officer Newbie did not give verbal commands before firing his Taser at White as he fled. The Taser’s 50,000-volt of electric shock caused White to fall to the ground, striking his head and sustaining a cocussion. White’s girlfriend, Rosey Green, a small-framed female, was distraught and angry over White’s condition. Green jumped onto Officer Newbie’s back, bit him on the neck and punched him in the ear. Officer Newbie’s partner, Officer Joe Flash, tased Green during the assault. Green also sustained injuries from being tased and her parents are now suing the CPD for use of excessive force against a minor.
The information from your research paper will be used by the CPD to add or change policies and to make high-level executive polices to reduce lawsuits.
The following information must be included in your presentation:
Based on your research of the history and your research of issues surrounding liability in policing today, determine if Officer Newbie’s handling of the situation with White and Green created a liability or potential lawsuit situation for the CPD? Evaluate how the use of force was applied in this situation with regard to White’s attempt to flee the scene and Green’s physical assault of Officer Newbie and develop a new policy based on your evaluation of the incident.
The CPD’s current use-of-force policy states that the amount of force any officer may use against any individual may be one degree greater than the amount of force being applied by any individual against any officer. Compare and contrast CPD’s use-of-force policy with the facts of the Green Case. In your presentation, assess how Green’s behavior, the facts of the case (i.e., dispatch: fight with weapons), and Officer Newbie’s response align or misalign with the terms of the policy.
Create a mitigation action plan (MAP) that contains three recommendations supported by the findings of current empirical research that might help to reduce the number of lawsuits that could be potentially filed against the CPD.
Determine if the definition of a frivolous lawsuit applies to the situation with Officer Newbie and his handling of the White Case? Analyze and discuss how a potential lawsuit filed by White against the CPD might be perceived by the court and how the CPD might mediate or litigate a lawsuit of this nature.
Assignment 2: Wrapping Up
Congratulations! You have reached the final assignment. Throughout this course, you have surveyed the broad range of activities associated with policing in the United States. You have become aware that there are many philosophical positions, operational strategies, and public policy choices that are to be considered when contemplating US law enforcement.
Through this assignment, you have the opportunity to draw from the wide range of policing variables and hone in on the issues in law enforcement that you think are most important. As a result of the course, your viewpoints should now be more informed than they were at the beginning.
By the due date assigned, in a minimum of 350 words, post to the Discussion Area your response to the following:
Keeping in mind the benefit of the entire course—with all of its readings and written assignments behind you—what do you believe are the most pressing issues facing law enforcement in the United States today?
How has this course helped to shape, change, or reinforce your opinion in this regard?
In what way does the study of policing at the college level further the capabilities of the profession?
In this essay assignment, you will identify a public problem, pinpoint stakeholders involved, draft potential resolutions, and examine what strategies were used or could be used in order to derive additional revenue or to eliminate the shortfall. Based on your suggested resolution, identify the cost and benefits from a public-sector perspective. Budget topic examples could include public education, transportation, health and welfare programs, or economic development themes. This assignment can also apply to a nonprofit institution of your choosing.
Ensure your essay is at least two (2) pages in length but is no longer than four pages in length, is double-spaced, and uses 12-point Times New Roman font with one-inch margins. Section headings are also encouraged to help organize your paper.
Your essay must be written using APA format. Be sure to include a title page and a reference page, but please note that these will not count toward meeting the minimum page requirement. All sources used, including the textbook, must be cited. Title and reference pages do not count toward meeting the minimum page requirements.