Excelsior College:BNS301: National Security Ethics and Divesity M4D1: Ethical BreachesIn this module, we will explore the concepts presented in the readings and look for examples in our own lives (personal and professional) to illustrate (or disprove) them. It seems as if ethical breeches are all around us. The media is replete with stories of how senior leaders in the military, government, business, and industry are exercising bad judgment. These are people who seemingly have it all and should be beyond reproach. We will examine why some individuals exercise good judgement while others turn to corruption. It is important to take things apart, look at them and become aware of what they mean for us as human beings, leaders, and members of organizations and communities.Let’s turn our attention to a discussion about the ethical concepts presented in this module and share some examples within our own organizations.This activity addresses module outcomes 1-3. Upon completion of this activity, you will be able to:Please contribute at least one original post at least 300 words, due on Wednesday at 11:59 p.m. Eastern time.Questions:After completing the assigned readings for the module, please respond to the following questions in your initial post:
EXCELSIOR COLLEGE: BNS301: National Security Ethics and DiversityModule 5: Module Notes: “Good” Versus “Bad” LyingIn school we were taught the famous legend of George Washington, who, as a youth, could not tell a lie when he admitted to chopping down a cherry tree belonging to his father. Whether or not the legend is true is not as important as the lesson it is supposed to communicate: that honesty is an important trait of anyone, but especially of a leader. As we examine the issue of lying in this module, there are several questions that we will encounter: What is a lie? How do we know that lying is wrong? Are there reasonable excuses or rationales for lying? And is it ever acceptable for a public official to lie in the performance of his or her official duties?In her classic book, Lying, Sissela Bok cites the absolutist position of the 18th century philosopher Immanuel Kant (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site., “Truthfulness in statements which cannot be avoided in the formal duty of an individual to everyone, however great may be the disadvantage accruing to himself or to another” (Bok, 1989) (p.38) Bok goes on to argue that “most have held the contrary view—that there are times when truthfulness causes or fails to avert such great harm that a lie is clearly justifiable” (p. 39). She further argues that this position leads to another problem: “The more difficult task remains: That of drawing lines.” (p.46)This module is about where other people have drawn those lines—and more importantly about where you draw those lines. You will read several case studies and score them on whether or not you believe the central characters’ decision was right or wrong. By scoring the rightness or wrongness of the actions taken in the mini-cases, you are also revealing your own preferences as reflected in your scores in the Ethical Type Indicator. After you have scored the mini-cases, read the piece by Dobel and then revisit the cases to see if you might have changed your thinking.Your assigned readings should be read in the following order: The nineteenth-century philosopher Jeremy Bentham (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. stated a lie that is not accompanied by “any other material circumstances,” nor does not produce “any material effects” is really not offensive at all. It would be difficult to compose ethical rules to cover a multitude (infinite really) of situations in which people lie. With this in mind, we might proclaim that lies are relative and can only be judged against the set of circumstances in which they occur. The relativist probably determines that lying is then ethically neutral, depending on the circumstances. On the other hand, Bentham goes on to state that lying would be instrumental in producing “pernicious effects.” What kind of “pernicious effects” does lying produce? Think about how you might feel should you be on the receiving end of a lie. Maybe it is not harmful to anyone, but once you discover that someone has purposely lied to you, you become suspicious and trust is, if not destroyed, then at least damaged. If lying was acceptable all the time, how would we be able to tell what is truth? In such a society, suspicion, mistrust, and cynicism would undoubtedly underlie all of our personal and professional relationships.Although it is somewhat easy to identify situations where lying is wrong, can we also identify situations where lying is acceptable? Don’t we all lie, especially to save another’s hurt feelings? How about those white lies we use to get out of or over a commitment? Are those kind of lies acceptable to most people? We would certainly say that lying to save a life would be a “good” lie. Once we agree that some forms of lying are “good” versus “bad,” then the question becomes one of drawing lines rather than of absolutes. But what is a lie if not an absolute? We know when we are lying and admittedly some people are actually very good at it. The website dictionary.com gives the definition of the word lie as “a false statement made with deliberate intent to deceive.” This definition points to the speaker’s intentions. Intentions though can depend on who is asking the question, how it is asked, and in what context. It is sometimes difficult to tell if there is a conscious attempt to deceive or if it was just a misunderstanding of what was meant. Politicians use this technique often, taking back what you think they said or being purposely vague. There are also examples of candidates making promises they don’t know if they can or will keep or diplomats telling each other of their countries’ mutual admiration for each other.In this module, you will read some small case studies, called mini-cases that will require you to analyze ethical dilemmas. These dilemmas require you to take a position of right or wrong but to also discuss when, if ever, deception is justified. As a public service professional, you will be confronted with extremes of right and wrong but you will also face several situations in which the rightness and wrongness may not be so obvious. The purpose of this exercise is to help you clarify and improve the reasoning process that leads to ethical decision making. It is also important to examine considerations upon which your judgments rest, the inconsistencies or contradictions, and to bring out unconsidered arguments that might alter your judgments or at least lay the framework to formulate guidelines to make difficult ethical choices.ReferencesBok, S. (1989). Lying: Moral choice in public and private life. Random House, Inc. New York.Bentham, Jeremy. The Principles of Morals and Legislation (1789)Let’s turn our attention to a discussion about lying and what constitutes a lie. Please feel free to offer your personal experiences or share your organizational examples as well as cited sources from the readings whenM5D1: Acceptable LyingThis module outcomes addressed in this activity are:Please contribute at least one original post. Keep in mind that if reply posts come in Sunday evening, this is not a robust discussion. I reserve the right to ask you to contribute sooner or more frequently if this will enhance learning. Questions:Based on the readings and activities for this module, answer the following questions:Response:Your replies to classmates must be substantive; posting “I agree” is a start, but you also need to explain why. Replies should contribute to the discussion as a whole by integrating what you have learned from your required readings. When participating in the discussion forums, be both honest and respectful of ideas and comments from your classmates. Please remember the board discussions take place in an open forum, so refrain from vulgar language and racial, sexist, or any other comments that an individual might find offensive. Consult the Discussion Posting Guide for information about writing your discussion posts. It is recommended that you write your post in a document first. Check your work and correct any spelling or grammatical errors.This is a “post first” discussion forum, which means you must submit your initial post before you can view other students’ posts.
EXCELSIOR COLLEGE:BNS301: National Security Ethics and DiversityModule 6: Learning & Assessment ActivitiesDuring this module you will:Read:Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster: Major Malfunction | Retro Report | The New York Times (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.https://youtu.be/-O_DMyHdq_MAfter you have read the material on the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster, you are ready to write a process essay focusing on what you might suggest are useful to those who find themselves in an ethical quandary about loyal dissent and whistleblowing. Recommended Resources:Compose your work in a .doc or .docx file type using a word processor (such as Microsoft Word, etc.) and save it frequently to your computer. For those assignments that are not written essays and require uploading images or PowerPoint slides, please follow uploading guidelines provided by your instructor.Check your work and correct any spelling or grammatical errors. When you are ready to submit your work, click “Upload Submission.” Enter the submission title and then click on “Select a file to upload.” Browse your computer, and select your file. Click “Open” and verify the correct file name has appeared next to Submission File. Click on “Continue.” Confirm submission is correct and then click on “Accept Submission & Save.”TurnitinThis course has Turnitin fully integrated into the course dropbox. This means that you should only submit your assignments to the dropbox below. Please do not submit your assignment directly to Turnitin.com.
EXCELSIOR COLLEGE:BNS301: National Security Ethics and DiversityM6D1: Loyalty and WhistleblowingRead:View:https://youtu.be/-O_DMyHdq_MDiscuss:This activity addresses module outcomes 1 & 2. Upon completion of this activity, you will be able to:The purpose of this activity is to examine the concept of loyalty and its possible extreme of whistleblowing. Can you be both loyal to your organization while also being a whistleblower? This can be a difficult ethical decision as on one hand you need to do what’s right but on the other, being a whistleblower can put you at odds with your co-workers, your boss, or even the United States government. Think through what loyalty means to you and what does it take to be a whistleblower.Questions:Based on the readings and activities for this module, answer the following questions:
Choose one of the articles identified by the instructor during the first thee weeks of the course and write a reaction paper based on the directions in the syllabus.http://www.campaignlive.co.uk/article/consumers-urge-brands-push-boundaries-gender-stereotyping/1440353ORhttp://www.thedrum.com/opinion/2016/11/25/who-s-lying-now-advertising-post-truth-worldORhttp://www.campaignlive.com/article/post-election-5-ways-brands-force-good/1417304The paper should describe how the article relates to specific course material and reflect on how the learning of this course material has helped you contextualize, understand, and appreciate specific elements in the article. Your paper should be at least 2 full pages in length, include articles and our textbook as properly cited sources, and will be graded using the following rubric.Grammar and punctuationQuality of writing and argumentsDemonstrates originality and analytic thinkingDemonstrates understanding of course concept(s)Makes clear and correct connection to current newsThis is for Strategic Communications.
Please choose between the two approved topics in the template. Please, no plagiarism.
BNS*301- National Security Ethics and DiversityM4A1: Paragraph Essay: Unethical EnvironmentsThis activity addresses module outcome 4. Upon completion of this activity, you will be able to:The purpose of this activity is to examine human behavior within unethical environments. We have chosen two prison examples that put people into unethical environments for you to examine and compare. Look at the material from the Stanford website (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. and review the material found there. Also, watch the video about the experiment from the experimenter:https://youtu.be/oAX9b7agT9oNext, read the report about the Abu Gharaib [PDF File size 6MB] prison case.After you have read and viewed the prison material, you are ready to write your compare and contrast essay. You have two different readings that take place in a prison. One is a real-world scenario while the other is an experiment where the reaction of subjects change because of the prison experiment. You will need to address both similarities and differences based on some guiding questions. You will then compare and contrast the ethical issues surrounding the two examples of unethical environments. Write a 2-3-page essay in APA Format. In your essay, address the following questions:Recommended Resources:Compose your work in a .doc or .docx file type using a word processor (such as Microsoft Word, etc.) and save it frequently to your computer. For those assignments that are not written essays and require uploading images or PowerPoint slides, please follow uploading guidelines provided by your instructor.Check your work and correct any spelling or grammatical errors. When you are ready to submit your work, click “Upload Submission.” Enter the submission title and then click on “Select a file to upload.” Browse your computer, and select your file. Click “Open” and verify the correct file name has appeared next to Submission File. Click on “Continue.” Confirm submission is correct and then click on “Accept Submission & Save.”Turnitin®This course has Turnitin fully integrated into the course dropbox. This means that you should only submit your assignments to the dropbox below. Please do not submit your assignment directly to Turnitin.com. Once submitted, your assignment will be evaluated by Turnitin® automatically. You will be able to view an Originality Report within minutes of your first submission that will show how much of your work has been identified as similar to other sources such as websites, textbooks, or other student papers. Use your Originality Report as a learning tool to identify areas of your assignment that you may not have cited appropriately. You may resubmit your assignment through this dropbox as many times as you need to check to see if you have made improvements, until the due date of the assignment. However, once you have made your first submission, you will need to wait 24 hours after each subsequent submission to receive a new Originality Report. Plan accordingly as you draft your assignment. Once the due date has passed, your assignment submission will be considered final.
Think of a time when you had to write a negative letter, or when you received one – but not a letter having legal implications, such as terminating employment or threatening disciplinary action. Such a letter should not be discussed in this open forum.What made the letter effective? What lessened its effectiveness? To what extent did it achieve the goal of conveying unpleasant news, while maintaining the recipient’s goodwill? Be sure to mention, and prioritize, all of the factors relevant to your analysis.You have received an email from a graduating student, the son or daughter of an acquaintance. This young person wants advice: How does he or she get a job like yours?The student asks, “What do I have to do? What is the most important advice you can give me? Was there an element of luck in your career choice, and your success? If so, can you explain to me what it was?”
Your supervisor recently announced that you and a colleague, Bruce, will have an opportunity to meet with the company’s CEO in 2 hours and deliver a presentation on your team’s current project. Due to the short notice, Bruce believes your presentation should be an impromptu speech (delivered without notes or plan); however, you disagree with him. Under these circumstances, which type of speech do you believe you and Bruce should deliver? Choose one of the options below and share the justification you would use to persuade Bruce.
Describe in detail your plan to integrate (federal, state and local) so we have an effective sharing mechanism is this country. The number one improvement opportunity is the lack of communication and sharing information/intelligence among agencies. How do improve this and eliminate working in silos. Describe the obstacles and how we should overcome.