General guidelines for submission of Formative Assessment. 1. All work must be word-processed and English (UK) language setting.

General guidelines for submission of Formative Assessment. 1. All work must be word-processed and English (UK) language setting. 2. Font sizes should be consistent, i.e. body text size 12, header and titles size 14 3. preferred typeface to be of a common standard such as Arial or Times New Roman For the main text 4. The Harvard style of referencing must be used at all times. Marking Guide-this provides you with guidance on how your formative assessments will be marked. Your tutor will provide you will also provide individual feedback. 1. Knowledge and understanding of key change management theories including the different types of change management models. 2. A critical discussion of the key theories of change management and discussion as to whether an alternative approach might be more effective. 3. Presentation and structure of the report, including correct spelling and application of the Harvard referencing system where appropriate.

Investigation of the Contribution of the Front of House Area

ask 1: Investigation of the Contribution of the Front of House Area to a Successful Hotel. (LO 1: 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, and M2, M3, D1, D2) The aim of this task is to carry out research which will help you make recommendations for improving front office management. The findings from task 1 should be submitted in a written report with an introduction at the beginning and a conclusion at the end. The suggested word length for this report is 1,000 – 1,250 words, excluding any appendices. Include a bibliography in the Harvard referencing format. Make sure you write your name on your report and number all the pages. The task 1 report should be structured as follows: a. Introduction, which includes an explanation of what is meant by the rooms division. b. Discussion comparing and contrasting the services provided by the accommodation and front office departments of a three-star hotel and two of its competitors – a branded budget hotel, a pub with rooms, and a four star bed hotel with spa and conference facilities (LO1.1). A merit level discussion will clearly compare differences in services and use a range of well-referenced sources of information. c. Analysis of the roles and responsibilities of a receptionist and a housekeeper (LO1.2). A merit level analysis includes referenced examples relating to the different hotels researched. A distinction level report will evaluate what you have learnt about the importance of key staff to the management of a rooms division operation. d. The precise names and dates of SIX pieces of legislation (laws and regulations) with which a UK rooms division operation must comply, with discussion about how each affects the management of the rooms division in the Water Tower Hotel. Sources for this section should be cited correctly (LO1.3). e. Recommendation of three rooms division services you think the Water Tower Hotel should improve to be more competitive, based on your evaluation of hotel services, staffing and legislation, especially in the hotels researched (LO1.4). A distinction level conclusion is in-depth, realistic and well-justified.

The Assessment 2 asks us to monitor the workings of the implementation of the marketing plan, based on a case study in the Appendix of the Student Guide

The Assessment 2 asks us to monitor the workings of the implementation of the marketing plan, based on a case study in the Appendix of the Student Guide. Are the two assessment tasks separate and not linked? So should be do Assessment 1 on a sample marketing plan and Assessment 2 on the Case Study in the Student workbook? Please confirm.

Analyzes how  data from leadership interviews supports leadership theories; uses metaphors and specific examples to clarify conclusions and draws conclusions from data.

-Analyzes how  data from leadership interviews supports leadership theories; uses metaphors and specific examples to clarify conclusions and draws conclusions from data.
-Analyzes the relevance of the concepts from New Business Realities and Thinking Habits to an interview experience, and describes how concepts can be implemented in a real-world situation.
 
-Self-assesses the experience as an interviewer and provides insight into how to improve experience.
-Recommends leadership development initiatives for leaders at a specific level and provides suggestions for implementation.
-Writes leadership best practices, and ineffective practices to avoid, that reflect the new science realities.(. see attachment )
-Explains the importance and implications of the new science guidelines to the success of an enterprise.
-Analyzes behaviors of effective leaders.

Develop and write an APA formatted paper 2-3 pages, which outlines a leader (current or historical) that you admire.

Develop and write an APA formatted paper 2-3 pages, which outlines a leader (current or historical) that you admire.
Key topics from that should be covered in your paper include an in-depth analysis with in-text citations as reference:

  • Briefly providing the contextual background of the leader
  • Describing key reasons why you admire the leader (providing specific examples of actions & behaviors that the leader used with respect to the five practices of exemplary leadership)
  • Evaluating to what extent the leader had credibility, where it stemmed from, and whether there were areas for the leader to improve.
  • Would the leader be as effective in another activity? For example, if the leader was a business person, would their leadership style and methods work as well (or better or worse) if they were a politician? Teacher? Head of a non-profit social change organization? Why or why not?

The company made the decision that the best person qualified to be the project manager

Background Herb had been with the company for more than eight years and had worked on various R&D and product enhancement projects for external clients. He had a Ph.D. in engineering and had developed a reputation as a subject matter expert. Because of his specialized skills, he worked by himself most of the time and interfaced with the various project teams only during project team meetings. All of that was about to change.
Herb’s company had just won a two-year contract from one of its best customers. The
First year of the contract would be R&D and the second year would be manufacturing.
The company made the decision that the best person qualified to be the project manager
Was Herb because of his knowledge of R&D and manufacturing. Unfortunately, Herb had never taken any courses in project management, and because of his limited involvement with previous project teams, there were risks in assigning him as the project manager. But management believed he could do the job.
The Team Is Formed Herb’s team consisted of fourteen people, most of whom would be full time for at least the first year of the project. The four people that Herb would be interfacing with on a daily basiswere Alice, Bob, Betty, and Frank.
· Alice was a seasoned veteran who worked with Herb in R&D. Alice had been with the company longer than Herb and would coordinate the efforts of the R&D personnel.
· Bob also had been with the company longer that Herb and had spent his career in engineering. Bob would coordinate the engineering efforts and drafting.
· Betty was relatively new to the company. She would be responsible for all reports, records management, and procurements.
· Frank, a five-year employee with the company, was a manufacturing engineer. Unlike Alice, Bob, and Betty, Frank would be part time on the project until it was time to prepare the manufacturing plans.
For the first two months of the program, work seemed to be progressing as planned. Everyone understood their role on the project and there were no critical issues.
Friday the 13th Herb held weekly teams meetings every Friday from 2:00 to 3:00 p.m. unfortunately the next team meeting would fall on Friday the 13th, and that bothered Herb because he was somewhat superstitious. He was considering canceling the team meeting just for that week but decided against it.
At 9:00 a.m., on Friday the 13th, Herb met with his project sponsor as he always did in the past. Two days before, Herb casually talked to his sponsor in the hallway and the sponsor told Herb that on Friday the sponsor would like to discuss the cash flow projections for the next six months and have a discussion on ways to reduce some of the expenditures. The sponsor had seen some expenditures that bothered him. As soon as Herb entered the sponsor’s office, the sponsor said: It looks like you have no report with you. I specifically recall asking you for a report on the cash flow projections.
Herb was somewhat displeased over this. Herb specifically recalled that this was to be a discussion only and no report was requested. But Herb knew that “rank has its privileges” and questioning the sponsor’s communication skills would be wrong. Obviously, this was not a good start to Friday the 13th.
At 10:00 a.m., Alice came into Herb’s office and he could see from the expression on her face that she was somewhat distraught. Alice then spoke: Herb, last Monday I told you that the company was considering me for promotion and the announcements would be made this morning. Well, I did not get promoted. How come you never wrote a letter of recommendation for me?
Herb remembered the conversation vividly. Alice did say that she was being considered for promotion but never asked him to write a letter of recommendation. Did Alice expect 500 Herb to read between the lines and try to figure out what she really meant?
Herb expressed his sincere apologies for what happened. Unfortunately, this did not make Alice feel any better as she stormed out of Herb’s office. Obviously, Herb’s day was getting worse and it was Friday the 13th.
No sooner had Alice exited the doorway to Herb’s office when Bob entered. Herb could tell that Bob had a problem. Bob then stated: In one of our team meetings last month, you stated that you had personally contacted some of my engineering technicians and told them to perform this week’s tests at 70°F, 90°F and 110°F. You and I know that the specifications called for testing at 60°F, 80°F and 100°F. That’s the way it was always done and you were asking them to perform the tests at different intervals than the specifications called for.
Well, it seems that the engineering technicians forgot the conversation you had with them and did the tests according to the specification criteria. I assumed that you had followed up your conversation with them with a memo, but that was not the case. It seems that they forgot.
When dealing with my engineering technicians, the standard rule is, “if it’s not inwriting, then it hasn’t been said.” From now on, I would recommend that you let me provide the direction to my engineering technicians. My responsibility is engineering and all requests of my engineering personnel should go through me.
Yes, Friday the 13th had become a very bad day for Herb. What else could go wrong, Herb thought? It was now 11:30 a.m. and almost time for lunch. Herb was considering locking his office door so that nobody could find him and then disconnecting his phone. But in walked Betty and Frank, and once again he could tell by the expressions on their faces that they had a problem. Frank spoke first: I just received confirmation from procurement that they purchased certain materials which we will need when we begin manufacturing. We are a year away from beginning manufacturing and, if the final design changes in the slightest, we will be stuck with costly raw materials that cannot be used. Also, my manufacturing budget did not have the cash flow for early procurement. I should be involved in all procurement decisions involving manufacturing. I might have been able to get it cheaper that Betty did. So, how was this decision made without me?
Before Herb could say anything, Betty spoke up: Last month, Herb, you asked me to look into the cost of procuring these materials. I found a great price at one of the vendors and made the decision to purchase them. I thought that this was what you wanted me to do. This is how we did it in the last company I worked for.
Herb then remarked: I just wanted you to determine what the cost would be, not to make the final procurement decision, which is not your responsibility.
Friday the 13th was becoming possibly the worst day in Herb’s life. Herb decided not to take any further chances. As soon as Betty and Frank left, Herb immediately sent out emails to all of the team members canceling the team meeting scheduled for 2:00 to 3:00 p.m. that afternoon.
QUESTIONS
1. How important are communication skills in project management?
2. Was Herb the right person to be assigned as the project manager?
3. There were communications issues with Alice, Bob, Betty, and Frank. For each communication issue, where was the breakdown in communications: encoding, decoding, feedback, and so on?

Why is a philosophy of science important to nursing? Provide examples from your clinical practice that demonstrate how the scientific method influences nursing knowledge, and in turn, practice?

Why is a philosophy of science important to nursing? Provide examples from your clinical practice that demonstrate how the scientific method influences nursing knowledge, and in turn, practice? (Essentials I, III, VI, VIII and IX)
Discussion Rubric
The initial post will be regarding the topic of the week and will be a minimum of 250 words. Make sure you provide appropriate references and utilize APA style. Peer posts will be a minimum of 75-100 words, otherwise will be counted as 0. There will be a total of 8 discussion posts worth 1.25 points each or 10 points of your grade. In order to obtain full credit students must follow the above requirements. Each discussion will be allocated to a specific Master’s Essential.

Operational requirements, software specifications, process constraints, and product constraints are all necessary inputs for project planning.

Project Planning” Please respond to the following:

  • Operational requirements, software specifications, process constraints, and product constraints are all necessary inputs for project planning. Describe how each is used for defining the project planning processes. Provide specific examples to justify your answer.
  • Synthesize the project management challenges that may occur without an explicitly written project plan. Summarize how this impacts a project manager’s ability to lead a technology project.

Was Herb because of his knowledge of R&D and manufacturing. Unfortunately, Herb had never taken any courses in project management

Background Herb had been with the company for more than eight years and had worked on various R&D and product enhancement projects for external clients. He had a Ph.D. in engineering and had developed a reputation as a subject matter expert. Because of his specialized skills, he worked by himself most of the time and interfaced with the various project teams only during project team meetings. All of that was about to change.
Herb’s company had just won a two-year contract from one of its best customers. The
First year of the contract would be R&D and the second year would be manufacturing.
The company made the decision that the best person qualified to be the project manager
Was Herb because of his knowledge of R&D and manufacturing. Unfortunately, Herb had never taken any courses in project management, and because of his limited involvement with previous project teams, there were risks in assigning him as the project manager. But management believed he could do the job.
The Team Is Formed Herb’s team consisted of fourteen people, most of whom would be full time for at least the first year of the project. The four people that Herb would be interfacing with on a daily basiswere Alice, Bob, Betty, and Frank.
· Alice was a seasoned veteran who worked with Herb in R&D. Alice had been with the company longer than Herb and would coordinate the efforts of the R&D personnel.
· Bob also had been with the company longer that Herb and had spent his career in engineering. Bob would coordinate the engineering efforts and drafting.
· Betty was relatively new to the company. She would be responsible for all reports, records management, and procurements.
· Frank, a five-year employee with the company, was a manufacturing engineer. Unlike Alice, Bob, and Betty, Frank would be part time on the project until it was time to prepare the manufacturing plans.
For the first two months of the program, work seemed to be progressing as planned. Everyone understood their role on the project and there were no critical issues.
Friday the 13th Herb held weekly teams meetings every Friday from 2:00 to 3:00 p.m. unfortunately the next team meeting would fall on Friday the 13th, and that bothered Herb because he was somewhat superstitious. He was considering canceling the team meeting just for that week but decided against it.
At 9:00 a.m., on Friday the 13th, Herb met with his project sponsor as he always did in the past. Two days before, Herb casually talked to his sponsor in the hallway and the sponsor told Herb that on Friday the sponsor would like to discuss the cash flow projections for the next six months and have a discussion on ways to reduce some of the expenditures. The sponsor had seen some expenditures that bothered him. As soon as Herb entered the sponsor’s office, the sponsor said: It looks like you have no report with you. I specifically recall asking you for a report on the cash flow projections.
Herb was somewhat displeased over this. Herb specifically recalled that this was to be a discussion only and no report was requested. But Herb knew that “rank has its privileges” and questioning the sponsor’s communication skills would be wrong. Obviously, this was not a good start to Friday the 13th.
At 10:00 a.m., Alice came into Herb’s office and he could see from the expression on her face that she was somewhat distraught. Alice then spoke: Herb, last Monday I told you that the company was considering me for promotion and the announcements would be made this morning. Well, I did not get promoted. How come you never wrote a letter of recommendation for me?
Herb remembered the conversation vividly. Alice did say that she was being considered for promotion but never asked him to write a letter of recommendation. Did Alice expect 500 Herb to read between the lines and try to figure out what she really meant?
Herb expressed his sincere apologies for what happened. Unfortunately, this did not make Alice feel any better as she stormed out of Herb’s office. Obviously, Herb’s day was getting worse and it was Friday the 13th.
No sooner had Alice exited the doorway to Herb’s office when Bob entered. Herb could tell that Bob had a problem. Bob then stated: In one of our team meetings last month, you stated that you had personally contacted some of my engineering technicians and told them to perform this week’s tests at 70°F, 90°F and 110°F. You and I know that the specifications called for testing at 60°F, 80°F and 100°F. That’s the way it was always done and you were asking them to perform the tests at different intervals than the specifications called for.
Well, it seems that the engineering technicians forgot the conversation you had with them and did the tests according to the specification criteria. I assumed that you had followed up your conversation with them with a memo, but that was not the case. It seems that they forgot.
When dealing with my engineering technicians, the standard rule is, “if it’s not inwriting, then it hasn’t been said.” From now on, I would recommend that you let me provide the direction to my engineering technicians. My responsibility is engineering and all requests of my engineering personnel should go through me.
Yes, Friday the 13th had become a very bad day for Herb. What else could go wrong, Herb thought? It was now 11:30 a.m. and almost time for lunch. Herb was considering locking his office door so that nobody could find him and then disconnecting his phone. But in walked Betty and Frank, and once again he could tell by the expressions on their faces that they had a problem. Frank spoke first: I just received confirmation from procurement that they purchased certain materials which we will need when we begin manufacturing. We are a year away from beginning manufacturing and, if the final design changes in the slightest, we will be stuck with costly raw materials that cannot be used. Also, my manufacturing budget did not have the cash flow for early procurement. I should be involved in all procurement decisions involving manufacturing. I might have been able to get it cheaper that Betty did. So, how was this decision made without me?
Before Herb could say anything, Betty spoke up: Last month, Herb, you asked me to look into the cost of procuring these materials. I found a great price at one of the vendors and made the decision to purchase them. I thought that this was what you wanted me to do. This is how we did it in the last company I worked for.
Herb then remarked: I just wanted you to determine what the cost would be, not to make the final procurement decision, which is not your responsibility.
Friday the 13th was becoming possibly the worst day in Herb’s life. Herb decided not to take any further chances. As soon as Betty and Frank left, Herb immediately sent out emails to all of the team members canceling the team meeting scheduled for 2:00 to 3:00 p.m. that afternoon.
QUESTIONS
1. How important are communication skills in project management?
2. Was Herb the right person to be assigned as the project manager?
3. There were communications issues with Alice, Bob, Betty, and Frank. For each communication issue, where was the breakdown in communications: encoding, decoding, feedback, and so on?