Community Assessment

Windshield Survey Guidelines

Community Assessment

Conduct this survey as part of your community assessment.

  1. Boundaries: To what extent can you identify the boundaries of the neighborhood: natural boundaries, such as a river or different terrain; man-made, such as a highway or railroad; or economic, like the difference in real estate or the presence of industrial or commercial units, along with residential ones. Does the neighborhood have an identity or a name? Is it displayed? Are there unofficial names? Are there sub-communities near the area?
  2. Housing and zoning: How old are the houses? Of what style and materials are they constructed? Are all the neighborhood houses similar? If not, how would you characterize the differences? Are there signs of disrepair, such as broken windows, steps, doors? Are any of the houses vacant?
  3. Signs of decay: Is the neighborhood improving or declining? Is it vibrant and full of life? How would you decide? Is there trash, rubble, poor drainage, or disease vector harborage? Are there dilapidated sheds, rubble-filled vacant lots, abandoned cars, or boarded-up buildings?
  4. Parks and recreational areas: Are there parks and recreational areas in the neighborhood? Is the open space public or private? Who uses it?
  5. Commons: What are the neighborhood hangouts, such as schoolyards, bars, restaurants, or parks? What groups go there and at what time? Do common areas have a sense of territoriality or are they open to strangers?
  6. Stores: What supermarkets or neighborhood stores are nearby? How do residents travel to the store? Are there drug stores, laundrymats, and dry cleaners?
  7. Transportation: How do people get in and out of the neighborhood? What is the condition of the streets? Is there a major highway near the neighborhood? Who does it serve? Is public transportation available, and how accessible is it to your family?
  8. Service centers: Are there nearby social agencies, clinics, recreation centers, and schools? Are doctors, dentists, or other health care providers accessible? Is there a hospital in the area? How accessible are these service centers to your family?
  9. Street people: If you are walking during the day, who is on the streets; for example, are there women, children, teenagers, community health nurses, collection agents, salespeople? How are they dressed? What animals do you see; for example, do you see stray animals, pets, watchdogs, or livestock?
  10. Protective services: Is there evidence of police and fire protection in the area? Where are they in relationship to the family’s residence?
  11. Race: What is the ethnicity of the residents? Are the residents African American, Caucasian Americans, Asian Americans, and so forth? How are the different racial groups residentially located?
  12. Ethnicity: Are there indications of ethnic variances, such as food stores, churches, private schools, or other information in another language?
  13. Religion: What churches and church-operated schools are in the neighborhood? How many are there?
  14. Class: What is the social status of the residents? Are they upper, upper-middle, middle, working, or a lower socioeconomic class? On what information do you base your judgment?
  15. Health status: Is there evidence of acute or chronic health conditions in the neighborhood, such as automobile accidents, alcoholism, drug addiction, teenage smoking, pregnant teenagers, or inappropriately dressed or unclean children?
  16. Comparison: How does this neighborhood compare to the neighborhood in the immediate vicinity? What are the strengths and weaknesses of this neighborhood and community?


Assessment Findings

  • Compilethe data from your community and family assessments.
  • Use Windshield Survey Guidelines for community assessment
  • Ensureyou have included an explanation of the LHI(s) that apply to your family’s community


ideal healthcare system

Suppose you had the opportunity to organize the ideal healthcare system.  Explain how you would organize the financing method, reimbursement method, mode of production, and physician referral procedure.  Why do you view your system as ideal?
Dewar, D. M.  (2017). Essentials of Health Economics.  Burlington, MA:  Jones and Bartlett

Barbara Corcoran Learns Her Heart’s True Desires

Barbara Corcoran Learns Her Heart’s True Desires
In her hilarious and lighthearted book, Shark Tales: How I Turned $1,000 Into a
Billion Dollar Business, Barbara Corcoran demonstrates the importance of knowing what
you really want out of life (Corcoran & Littlefield, 2011). As her title suggests, Barbara
founded her real estate company, The Corcoran Group, with only $1,000 and some big
dreams. Shortly after founding the company, Barbara took out a piece of paper and wrote
down some big goals for herself and the company. In 1978, she had only 14 sales agents
working for her, who earned a total of $250,000 in commissions. She set a goal of
doubling the number of agents and the commissions every year. So she put down 28 sales
people for 1979, 56 for 1980, and so on, all the way up to 1,792 salespeople in 1985 with
total commissions of $32,000,000. Barbara was amazed when she saw the fantastic sums
projected for 1985, and of course many people, when they see such amazing sums, would
dismiss the calculations as fantasy But as Barbara put it, she went to work the next day
hustling hard for her $32 million.
Real estate agents are paid largely by commission, which is about as close as you
can get to a pure form of contingent reward for performance. However, Barbara didn’t
rely solely on the commissions to motivate her workers. She threw theme parties and held
numerous social events to build a committed workforce. Good sales agents could always
move to another firm, but not every firm had Barbara’s positive attitude and fun-filled
atmosphere. In the early years of the firm, when money was tight, Barbara and her
relatives did the cooking for the outings and parties, and she found clever ways to
entertain people with skating parties and other lively activities. As the firm became larger
and more profitable, she even hired professional entertainers for the company’s midweek
picnics, which included elephant shows, daring rides on hot air balloons, horses, or
Harley Davidsons, etc. Barbara stated “I built my company on pure fun, and believe that
fun is the most underutilized motivational tool in business today. All of my best ideas
came when I was playing outside the office with the people I worked with” (Corcoran &
Littlefield, 2011, p. 283). What did she get in return for the fun atmosphere? She had the
“most profitable real estate company per person in the United States” (p. 284). By the
time she sold her agency in 2001, she had 1,000 agents working for her, and she had the
largest real estate agency in New York – clearly her motivational strategies attracted a
large number of productive employees.
Barbara Corcoran had sold her firm for $66 million. She thought that would make
her happy, but instead, it made her sad. Although she pretended to be happy with her new
wealth and freedom, she was “secretly miserable” (Corcoran & Littlefield, 2011, p. 232).
She had lost her purpose in life. Barbara stated, “I felt my entire identity gone – wiped
out” (p. 232). In addition to losing her personal identity, she lost much of her social
identity as well when the new owners blocked her former employees from sending her
emails. Without a purpose and an identity, she felt like a nobody.
Barbara set to work making some new goals for herself. She took out her trusty
yellow legal pad and drew a line down the center of the page. On one side of the page,
she listed everything she hated, on the other side, everything she loved. When doing
exercises like this, its important to be honest with oneself. Barbara was honest enough to
realize that she loved the power of her old position. She also liked being creative and
helping other people. She especially loved being the center of attention. These honest
self-evaluations and goals helped her realize that she wanted a new career in the mass
media. This set her on the path to her current job as a cohost of ABC’s show Shark Tank.
On Shark Tank, she can listen to creative would-be entrepreneurs pitch their ideas for
new companies, and she has the opportunity to help them out by investing her own
money into their businesses. And as a TV host, she gets plenty of attention as well: a true
happy ending to her tale.
1. Are you motivated by ambitious goals, such as Barbara’s goal of doubling the number
of sales agents every year? Why or why not?
2. Barbara’s rivals in the real estate industry probably paid the same commissions on
sales to their agents that she did to hers. Given that all the agencies paid the same rate,
why was Barbara able to grow her firm so rapidly?
3. What else did Barbara do to motivate and attract the best agents?
4. Besides money, how will you motivate your employees? Provide some rationale for
your choice of motivator(s)

Extended, Research-Based Argument Essay

Extended, Research-Based Argument Essay
Rough Draft Due: Tuesday, April 3rd
Value: 25 points [Must attend conferencing to get points]
Final Draft Due: Thursday, April 26th
Value: 300 points
The rough draft of the extended, research-based argument essay is due on Tuesday, April
3rd and is worth 25 points as long as you also attend conferencing.
The final draft of the paper, due on Thursday, April 26th, must be 7-10 full pages in
length, not counting your title, abstract, and References pages. I will subtract points for
anything less than this page requirement, starting with a minimum 20% deduction.
For your third essay, you will analyze, critique, and argue one claim based on
your approved topic (make sure you have turned in a proposal and received topic
approval before beginning your essay). This essay may be a continuation of your
previous topic, but may not simply be an extended version of that paper. Do not “recycle”
your previous essay or quoted material (though some of your sources may be the same).
Be careful to keep your audience in mind. You will undoubtedly be very familiar
with the topic and the research, but make sure to describe and analyze the material
enough in the text to allow the reader to understand your argument. Don’t be overly
simplistic – an extended, research-based argument requires an in-depth and academic
look at the topic – but make sure you don’t limit your audience.
Most of the essay will be careful and close analysis of the issue. If your paper
does not address “why” there is validity to your claim, it is not meeting the criteria of the
Make sure to maintain a scholarly tone throughout the essay. Do not base your
argumentative essay on emotional appeals (they can exist, but sparingly), your own
emotions, or religious views. These strategies, though useful in some areas of writing, are
not sufficient for an academic essay of this type.
You are trying to make a strong argument. Write your paper as if the reader will
try to push back at your ideas. Be thoughtful, logical, and convincing. Address the
opposing side, and show how your claim takes it into consideration.
This essay must incorporate 7-8 sources. Utilize a careful balance of quoted
material and paraphrase/summary. Always cite information you use/discuss from your
sources. Make sure to be very familiar with your sources – from both sides of your
argument – so that you can come of as an informed writer.
Adherence to APA style is a must. Be careful to format your essay correctly and
to cite accurately (in-text and reference page).
The following rubric reflects the criteria I will use to evaluate your final draft. The
bulleted descriptions will serve as my comments.
An “A” Essay: 135-150
• Attracts reader interest with a creative title and effective introductory paragraph
• Includes a clear, arguable, interesting thesis statement at the end of the intro
• Presents all information clearly and concisely and in an organized manner and
adheres to the structure for an argument of proposal as provided in the prompt
(introduction and definition of the problem, presentation of proposal, and so on)
• Incorporates pertinent and detailed information from credible sources to form a
research-based argument, provides needed evidence in the form of short quotations,
provides concrete, specific examples, and provides adequate commentary
• Does not quote excessively from sources
• Uses clear and precise topic sentences for all paragraphs
• Maintains focus and avoids being sidetracked by tangents
• Demonstrates excellent sentence and vocabulary variety
• Avoids distracting grammar/spelling/etc. problems
• Uses APA format correctly
• Includes APA-style in-text citations where appropriate with little or no errors
• Includes a References page containing very few to no errors
• Include an effective Abstract
A “B” Essay: 120-134
• Attracts interest in the selected argument with the title and introductory paragraph but
not as effectively as an “A” essay
• States an arguable, potentially interesting thesis statement, but not as effectively as an
“A” essay
• Presents most information in an organized manner and mostly adheres to the structure
for an argument of proposal as provided in the prompt (introduction and definition of
the problem, presentation of proposal, and so on)
• Incorporates some pertinent and detailed information from credible sources to form a
research-based argument, provides some needed evidence in the form of short
quotations, provides concrete, specific examples, and provides adequate commentary
• Does not quote excessively from sources
• Maintains focus through most of the paper
• Demonstrates adequate sentence and vocabulary variety
• Uses topic sentences for all the paragraphs
• Includes a few errors in grammar/spelling/etc.
• Uses APA format with a low rate of error
• Includes APA-style in-text citations where appropriate, though with some errors
• Includes a References page with a low rate of error.
• Includes an Absract
A “C” Essay: 105-119
• Introductory paragraph is potentially unengaging and fails to launch argument
• States a simplistic, unclear or irrelevant thesis
• Presents information in an unclear manner and/or has significant organizational
problems and/or mostly fails to adhere to the structure for an argument of proposal as
provided in the prompt (introduction and definition of the problem, presentation of
proposal, and so on)
• Does not incorporate pertinent and detailed information from credible sources and
relies on unsupported statements and generalities
• May quote excessively from sources
• Strays from the topic more than a “B” essay does
• Demonstrates some repetitive sentence structure and vocabulary use
• Uses general or vague topic sentences for some or all of the paragraphs
• Contains distracting errors in grammar/spelling/etc.
• Uses APA format with a high rate of error
• Includes APA-style in-text citations occasionally and with errors
• Includes a References page with a high rate of error
• Includes an Abstract
A “NC” Essay: 0-104
• Fails to attract reader interest in the introductory paragraph and may not include a title
• Thesis statement is simplistic, unclear, or nonexistent
• Significant problems with clarity, concision, and organization, making the
information presented difficult for the reader to understand
• Does not incorporate information from credible sources or does so minimally and/or
• May quote excessively from sources
• Substantially digresses from the specific topic
• Demonstrates repetitive sentence structure and vocabulary use (more so than a “C”
• Uses general or vague topic sentences for the majority of the paragraphs
• Contains substantial distracting grammar/spelling/etc. problems that muddle the
information presented
• Uses APA format with a high rate of error
• APA-style in-text citations are included with high rate of error or are nonexistent
• Does not include a References page or includes a References page with a high rate of
• Does not include an Abstract
Rubric adapted from materials by Dr. Linda Strom, 2016

the human appendix has been described as a vestigial feature. explain why. research the human appendix and briefly describe one to two hypotheses regarding the function it once played in the human anatomy- essays/papers

the human appendix has been described as a vestigial feature. explain why. research the human appendix and briefly describe one to two hypotheses regarding the function it once played in the human anatomy- essays/papers

Part I: Work of Organizations: Purpose and Functions

Assignment Directions:
Research and answer the following question.
The previous units have presented a lot of information about the leaders and members of organizations and their personal and collective behavior. But at the very beginning of the course it was stated that “an organization is a structure where people come together to accomplish a specific purpose and get things done.” In order to succeed, most organizations perform some very common functions to achieve their purpose. You have probably performed one or more of these functions at some point. Use this as an opportunity to explore functions that you may not be familiar with but that you might want to perform at some point.
What is organizational vision and why is vision important? Vision is a statement of the organization’s purpose and ultimate goal. It guides the organization and its participants in the way they conduct business – it provides purpose. If an organization follows its vision, it will aim all of its activities toward achieving that lofty goal. This helps the organization define the activities it must perform and keeps it on a path to success.
Despite their individual characteristics, most organizations find they must do some things that just about every other organization does: find people, manage money, maintain buildings, communicate effectively, etc. Of course, each organization is unique and does these types of things in varying degrees. The individual needs of each organization are guided by their visions and missions.
Vision not only provides a road to success, but it sets up the guardrails too. In other words, it keeps you heading in the right direction, on the road. In the unit discussion, share the vision of an organization you have been involved in.
Part I: Work of Organizations: Purpose and Functions
This week, you are a business owner! Congratulations!
…and now the fun begins…
First define the business you have just opened. Maybe a franchise? Maybe something you’ve always wanted to own and operate. What is your business?
Next, using this week’s resources, as well as any material from the internet to support your thoughts, describe how the “Functions of Organizations” is going to affect you and your business. Talk to each of the 5 points noted and identify which may be more important to you and why!
Kelly, R. (2010, December 2). My Favorite Vision & Mission Statements (blog post). Retrieved from


**Please cite all material used. **