In “Human Resources from an Organization Behavior Perspective” Jeffrey Pfeffer, in reference to the interactions between employers and employees, states that “the norm of reciprocity is one of the most fundamental rules governing human behavior, having been found in every human culture studied and even among baboons” (122).  He further states that a lack of reciprocity between employers and their employees is detrimental not only to the employee but also to the organization’s overall bottom line.  Without some form of this mutual commitment in the workplace between employer and employee, Pfeffer states that there are many unfair outcomes—particularly for non-managerial employees.  In addition, Pfeffer states that activating the “norm of reciprocity” requires investment in training the worker.
For this essay, discuss whether or not (or perhaps to what extent) reciprocity has a place in the capitalist workforce.  In order to fairly and completely answer this question, consider what is generally thought of as the “core of American values” and the “core of capitalistic values” as well as what interests both employers and employees have.
Throughout your paper, you:
MUST use the following sources:
i.     You have access to all the readings used thus far this semester in order to answer this prompt the best way you can.  You MUST use the Pfeffer reading and at least ONE other reading (Drive chapter 1, chapter 6, and Invisible Chapter 5), but you can use more than that, if you’d like.
ii.    CANNOT perform any additional outside research (meaning no additional sources beyond the sources provided in this course should be cited in your paper).
You must use Chicago citations throughout the paper and include a properly formatted Bibliography Page.
The detailed assignment requirement is in the “Essay 3 Assignment Sheet”. Please read it throughly before writing.

The relationship of humanities in your field

The relationship of humanities in your field
 This course began by pointing out connections between the humanities and your professional career. Beyond the connections you have begun to see for yourself, more and more sources are pointing out how the humanities support efforts in other fields. Even though you are majoring in a degree focused on your career field, there are ways in which your study of other subjects will add value to you as a potential employee.
Choose one of the following articles about how the humanities relate to a field in your college, or find a related article to discuss. Include the following in your discussion:
Provide an APA reference entry to identify the article you chose.
Summarize the article in your own words.
What did you learn from the article about how the humanities relates to your field of study or future career?
Discuss one way the humanities and/or the information from this article may be useful to you as you develop your career.
How do the humanities impact business? (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.
Want Innovative Thinking? (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

Econ 213 Midterm Exam

Econ 213 Midterm Exam

  1. Answer question # 1 in Part A and select two questions from part B so that you answer three questions in total for the whole exam.
  2. Do not write down the question (even when answering), just make sure you identify it with the appropriate number.
  3. Each answer should be started in a new page. Upload just one document containing all responses.
  4. Each answer should be between 2 and 4 pages long, double spaced and 12 font.
  5. If you answer more then 3 questions, I will just grade the first 3.
  6. Deadline is Friday, March 30th by 11:59pm. Late submissions will be heavily
  7. Plagiarism, even if it is just of one sentence, will lead to a grade of 0 for the exam and a report of the violation to the department (this has severe consequences). Even if you did not commit plagiarism in other questions, I simply won’t grade the whole exam.
  8. Keep quotations to a minimum (one sentence max, no block quotes/paragraphs) and do cite the source.

Part A: (Required)

  • Compare and contrast feudalism and capitalism as different modes of production. For example, in what ways is feudal serfdom similar to the capitalist wage-system? In what ways are they similar?

Part B: Choose only two.

  • “The worker becomes all the poorer the more wealth he produces, the more his production increases in power and size. The worker becomes an ever cheaper commodity the more commodities he creates. Thedevaluation of the world of men is in direct proportion to the increasing value of the world of things.” Discuss this statement of Marx from 1844 in light of the theoretical analysis developed in Capital in 1867.
  • Why is the distinction between labor and labor power so fundamental in Marx’s analysis of the workings of the capitalist mode of production? How does it compare to mainstream/neoclassical accounts of the distribution of income?
  • How does Marx’s theory of commodity fetishism fit into his larger argument about the workings of the capitalist mode of production?
  • Explain in your own words Marx’s dialectical method. With respect to other approaches (rationalism, empiricism, etc), what is similar and different in this way of understanding reality?

Psychology Research Outline

  1. Introduction


  1. Have you ever questioned your sanity or wondered how we know if were normal or abnormal?
  2. Our brain works in many different ways, and with the power of science we have learned the different qualities of our brains. We’ve came to understand the different disorders people can have and what’s known to be abnormal.


  1. Body

First Paragraph:

  1. Abnormalities are hereditary factors
  2. The three types are x-linked inheritance, defective chromosomes, autosomal
  3. Sickle-cell anemia is where your body forms red blood cells that are shaped The abnormal blood cells don’t function as well as normal red blood cells.
  4. Down syndrome is when the 21st chromosome is a full or half copy.

Second Paragraph:

  1. Anxiety is a condition where you feel extreme fear or is always worried.
  2. Depression is when a person feels sad and put down. People with depression usually keep to themselves and don’t seem to have energy.
  3. Stress is known to have effect on a lot of other disorders including depression, and anxiety. There is multiple signs of stress like teeth grinding, being overwhelmed, stuttering, neck and back pain all have things to do with stress in the body.

Third Paragraph:

  1. Schizophrenia is a mental illness that messes with a persons way of thinking, emotions. It cannot be cured but with treatments it can be controlled. One of the main symptom of this disorder would be hallucinations. Hallucinations are when a person sees and hears things that aren’t actually there and seem extremely real to them experiencing it.
  2. Antisocial personality disorder are people hate anything dealing with other people, going out in public, and sometimes never will leave their home. Antisocial people can sometimes be aggressive and hard to get along with.
  3. Borderline personality disorder are people that are very unstable and fear being let down. They have extremely low self esteem and tend to think they’re never good enough. People with this disorder are usually unexpected their emotions and the way they act is never known and can alway change in the split of an eye.

Fourth Paragraph:

  1. Anorexia Nervosa is when a person (usually young females) refuse to eat to where their body weight is to an extremely low percentage which can be harmful.
  2. Bulimia Nervosa is when a person tend to eat excessive amounts of food. They will consume a large amount of food and them will get rid of the food by vomiting.

III. Closing
Our bodies go through many things but have you ever deeply went into thinking about the disorder that are associated with it? Our brain works in many different ways, and with the power of science we have learned the different qualities of our brains. We’ve came to understand the different disorders people can have and what’s known to be abnormal. From the abnormalities in people’s red blood cells to abnormalities in eating disorders and our brains. Getting a deeper grasp on the topic will really make a difference on understanding these disorders.

Do you agree that mass political parties are no longer important in modern democracies?

Do you agree that mass political parties are no longer important in modern democracies?
1. Please include legitimate examples (compare countries)
2. Please use some of those readings
Caramani, D. ed. (2014) Comparative Politics Oxford: Oxford University Press, Chapter 12
Hague, R. and Harrop, M. (2010) Comparative Government and Politics: An Introduction Basingstoke:
Palgrave Macmillan, Chapter 11
Bale, T. (2005) European Politics: A Comparative Introduction Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, Chapter 5
Bara, J. and Pennington, M. (2009) Comparative Politics London: Sage, Chapter 9
Dalton, R.J. and M.P. Wattenberg (eds.) (2000) Parties without Partisans: Political Change in Advanced
Industrial Democracies Oxford: Oxford University Press (electronic resource)
Duverger, M. (1964) Political Parties: Their Organization and Activity in the Modern State London:
Gunther, R., Ramon-Montero, J. and Linz, J.J. (2002) Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges
Oxford: Oxford University Press (electronic resource)
Heywood, P.M., Jones, E., Rhodes, M. and Sedelmeier, U. (eds.) (2006) Developments in European Politics
Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, Chapter 6
Katz, R.S. and Mair, P. (1994) How Parties Organize: Change and Adaptation in Party Organizations in
Western Democracies London: Sage
Katz, R.S., and P. Mair (1995) “Changing Models of Party Organization and Party Democracy” Party Politics
1(1): 5-28.
Mair, P. (ed.) (1990) The West European Party System Oxford: Oxford University Press, Chapters 1, 3 and
Mair, P., Muller, W.C. and Plasser, F. (2004) Political Parties and Electoral Change: Party Responses to
Electoral Markets London: Sage
Mair, P. & Biezen, I.C, van (2001) “Party Membership in Twenty European Democracies, 1980-2000” Party
Politics 7 (1), pp. 5-21.
McDonald, M.D. and Budge, I. (2005) Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate
Oxford: Oxford University Press (electronic resource)
Michels, R. (1966) Political Parties: A Sociological Study of the Oligarchical Tendencies of Modern
Democracy. New York: Free Press.
O’Neill, M. (1997) Green Parties and Political Change in Contemporary Europe: New Politics, Old
Predicaments Aldershot: Ashgate
Webb. P., Farrell, I. and Holliday, I. (2002) Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies Oxford:
Oxford University Press (electronic resource)
Strøm, K (1990) “A Behavioral Theory of Competitive Political Parties” American Journal of Political
Science 34(2): 565-598

Organizational Development

Organizational Development
The focus of the course is to better equip leaders to manage complex organizational change. Organizational Development is a planned change discipline which helps OD practitioners and change masters to manage and cope with the consequences of large scale change. Our operating model for the case analysis will be from the perspective of the SVP of Change Delivery in partnership with other senior management leaders. The student will be assigned a business problem that will require a solution for implementation. Theproblem will be based on the course’s text readings, case studies and online in‐class learning.
The assignment is to write a business memo that provides a solution for implementation. The memo is to be directed to the CEO from you as his/her SVP of Change Delivery whom has to solve the problem.  The memo must be practical, service oriented and businessdriven.  The memo will be no longer than 3 pages, and is to include three integrated components
#1 Introduction and Problem Definition,
#2 Body which includes Key Facts and Need for Change,
#3 Your Solution Recommendations, Desired Outcome and Conclusions.
To succeed the student must:
a. Clearly define the problem and the relevant issues;
b. Evaluate the issues, presenting key facts and the significant need for change;
c. Propose a recommended solution, clearly defining the desired outcomes.
For this assignment, please select one of the following three case’s from the textbook:
1.Sunflower Incorporated, Page 232
2.Kenworth Motors, Page 234
3.Peppercorn Dining, Page 238

Book Review Guidelines

  1. Information on Publication and Author:
  2. Publication: (Author, Title, City, Publisher, Year, # of pages)
  3. Author: (Overview; Thesis; Discipline; Author’s Qualifications; Other


  1. Extended Summary (~700 words): (one paragraph for each main theme and its supporting evidences; Quotations)


  1. Evaluation and Conclusion (~400 words)

– Author’s Message; success or failure?
– Sorts of Evidences; convincing?
– Sorts of Sources; sufficient?
– New Information? Examples?
– Target Audience; recommended?